Geological engineering involves geology,civil engineering, and fields such as mining, forestry and geography. These engineers apply earth sciences to human problems. Specialty areas include geotechnical site studies of rock and soil slope stability for projects; environmental studies and planning for construction sites; groundwater studies; hazard investigations; and finding fossil fuel and mineral deposits.
Geological engineers integrate two disciplines: geology and engineering. Geologists study the Earth, its composition and structure, its history, and its past plant and animal life. Engineers apply scientific knowledge and experience to design and analyze systems for the benefit of mankind.
Geological engineers solve engineering problems and design engineering systems with, on, and in geological materials, while, at the same time, protecting the environment.
They might design structures in soil and rock for dams or tunnel construction. They may be involved in water resource management, or in evaluating and planning for geologic hazards such as earthquakes, landslides and volcanoes. Geological engineers work to protect the environment through remediation of polluted sites, proper waste disposal, and erosion control.