Engineering geologists are concerned with the detailed technical analysis of earth material and the risk assessment of geological hazards. Their role is to ensure that geological factors affecting engineering works are identified and dealt with.
They assess the integrity of soil, rock, groundwater and other natural conditions prior to major construction projects. They also advise on procedures required for such developments and the suitability of appropriate construction materials.
Engineering geologists are also involved with analysing sites and designs for environmentally sensitive developments, such as landfill sites. By monitoring development areas and analysing ground conditions, they ensure that structures can be secure in the short and long term.
Typical work activities
Engineering geology encompasses three key areas:
geotechnical work; and
Daily tasks can include:
consulting geological maps and aerial photographs to advise on site selection;
assisting with the design of built structures, using specialised computer software or calculations;
collating data and producing reports;
overseeing the progress of specific contracts;
planning detailed field investigations by drilling and analysing samples of deposits/bedrock;
supervising site and ground investigations;
making visits to new project sites;
advising on and testing a range of construction materials, for example sand, gravel, bricks and clay;
making recommendations on the proposed use of a site and providing information;
advising on problems such as subsidence;
managing staff, including other engineering geologists, geotechnical engineers, consultants and contractors;
attending professional conferences and representing the company or organisation at other events