After schooling, mostly everyone follow the same routine, i.e taking up any of the +2 courses, continuing their studies up to graduation or post graduation; or taking an entrance exam to get admission into medical/ engineering or any other professional field. But for those who are not too keen on taking up +2 after 10th standard, but want to get basic training skills in a trade, they have an option of taking up technical education provided by Industrial training institutes (ITI).
Nowadays people are becoming more aware about the scope for technical education. The need for skilled personnel in various technical fields is increasing day by day, due to the changing economic and industrial scenario of the world. In India, the demand for man power labour has grown exponentially, by the rapid invasion of factories, ports and ships which results in the rise of numerous technical jobs. Here comes the significance of technical education which plays a vital role in creating skilled manpower for industries. Technical education is a diverse field providing courses and trades in the areas of engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy, applied arts and crafts, hotel management, catering technology etc.
Industrial Training Institutes (ITI's) and Industrial Training Centers (ITC's) are pioneers in the field of technical education which provide support i.e basic skills to an individual to become self reliant in the trade they choose. ITI's are government-run organisations whereas ITC's are privately-run training organisations, both operating under the general guidance of the Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union government of India. ITC's are self financing and provide same courses as that of ITI's. Courses in these institutes are designed to impart technical knowledge to the youngsters and offers training in engineering and non-engineering technical fields, such as in trades like electrician, machinist, fitter, plumber, turner, welder, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic, computer hardware etc. Trade Test or qualifying test for both ITI and ITC trainees are also common i.e All India Trade Test (AITT)